Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) occurs when the major blood vessels that supply blood to the heart become damaged or diseased, often due to cholesterol-containing deposits (plaque) (Mayo Clinic). As plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, less blood can flow through the arteries due to the vessel narrowing. The decreased blood flow to the heart can lead to chest pain, shortness of breath, or even a heart attack. CAD is currently the most common type of heart disease, and it is the leading cause of death worldwide in both men and women.

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